Упражнения. Имя существительное.

Упр. 1 Дайте соответствующее существи­тельное женского рода.

A lion, a tiger, an actor, a poet, a man, an un­cle, a husband, a brother, a grandfather, a son, a master, a baron, a count, a shepherd, a host.

Упр. 2 Дайте соответствующие существи­тельные мужского рода.

A lady, a girl, a niece, Mrs. Smith, a widow, a stewardess, a French woman, a cow, a queen, a princess, a duchess, a hen, a mother.

Образование множественного числа существи­тельных
a cat — cats, a dog — dogs, a car — cars, a watch — watches, a dress — dresses, a dish — dishes, a box — boxes, a boy — boys, a city — cities, a potato — potatoes, a leaf — leaves.

Упр. 3 Поставьте следующие существитель­ные во множественное число (не забудьте, что перед множественным числом неопределенный артикль нужно опустить)

A table, a plate, a fox, a room, a lady, a knife, a chair, a bus, a Negro, a match, a way, a house, a family, a flag, a town, a wolf, a country, a lion, a park, a play.

Запомните форму множественного числа следу­ющих существительных: a man — men, a goose — geese, a woman — women, a tooth — teeth, a child — children, a fool — feet, a mouse — mice,
an ox — oxen.
Запомните также: an Englishman — Englishmen, a Frenchman — Frenchmen, a German — Germans.
Запомните три существительных, имеющих во множественном числе ту же форму, что и в единственном: a sheep — sheep a deer — deer,a swine swine

Упр. 4 Поставьте следующие существитель­ные во множественное число (обратите внимание на артикли: неопределенный артикль во множественном числе опускается, определенный артикль сохраняется).

A star, a mountain, a tree, a shilling, a king, the waiter, the queen, a man, the man, a woman, the woman, an eye, a shelf, a box, the city, a boy, a goose, the watch, a mouse, a dress, a toy, the sheep, a tooth, a child, the ox, a deer, the life, a tomato.

Упр. 5 Поставьте следующие словосочета­ния во множественное число.

This tea-cup, this egg, that wall, that picture, this foot, that mountain, this lady, that window, this man, that match, this knife.

Запомните:this is — these are; that is — those are; there is — there are; it is — they are.

Упр. 6 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This is a star. 2. This is a boy. 3. This is a baby. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a flower. 6. That is a bookshelf. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this a bookcase? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a ball? 11. Is that a train? 12. Is that a plane? 13. Is the window open? 14. Is the door closed? 15. Is the boy near the window? 16. That is not a king, 17. That is not a queen. 18. That is not a bus.   19. This isn’t a mountain. 20. That isn’t a goose. 21. This isn’t a mouse. 22. It is a sheep. 23. It is a cigarette. 24. It is a cat. 25. It is not a girl. 26. It isn’t a bag. 27. It isn’t a tree. 28. It is not a bad egg. 29. It is a good egg. 30. Is that a flower?

Упр. 7 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This man is an engineer. 2. That woman is my sister. 3. This child is my son, 4. That goose is big. 5. This mouse is white. 6. This man is a doc­tor. 7. That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher. 8. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil. 9. This girl has a blue sweater. 10. This boy has a good coat. 11. My uncle has a large flat. 12. There is a table in the room. 13. I have a good pen. My pen is in my pocket. 14. There is a flower in the vase. 15. This child’s foot is sore.

Упр. 8 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This room is very large. 2. There is a match in the box. 3. Does this lady have a knife? 4. There is a man and a woman in the street. 5. This lady is that gen­tleman’s wife. 6. This shoe is too large for my foot. 7. The child is sitting on a bench. 8. My tooth is white. 9. This key is made of steel. 10. A potato is a vegetable and a cherry is a fruit. 11. This.is my friend’s study.

Упр. 9 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. What is that child’s name? 2, The cat has caught a mouse. 3. There was a lady, a gentleman, a boy and a girl in the room. 4. In the farm-yard we could see an ox, a sheep, a cow and agoose. 5. Is this worker an Englishman or a German? He is a Frenchman. 6. Why don’t you eat this po­tato? 7. This strawberry is still green. 8. Can you see a bird in that tree? 9. Does your tooth still ache? 10. I held up my foot to the fire to warm it. 11. His child studies very well. 12. This man works at our office. 13. There is a new house in our street. 14. This story is very interesting. 15. I have hurt my foot. 16. The wolf has been shot. 17. He keeps his toy in a box. 18. Put this knife on that table.

Упр. 10 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This is my stocking. 2. He has a new suit. 3. This metal is very hard. 4. That ship is a Rus­sian one. 5. I heard her voice. 6. His dog does not like bread. 7. The plate was on the table. 8. This town is very large. 9. I was talking to her at the tram stop yesterday. 10. Is that girl your sister? 11. I shall give you my book. 12. This story will be a good one. 13. Is this a good match? 14. The boy put his book on the desk. 15. She took off her hat. 16.  That house is new. 17. The young man put his hand in his pocket. 18. Is this student coming with us, too?  19. The woman didn’t say anything. 20. Does she speak English?

Упр. 11 Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

1. This is a bird. 2. Is that also a bird? — No, it isn’t. That is a cat. 3. Is that a good horse? — Yes, it is. 4. Is that cow big or small? — It is big. 5. This is an apple and that is a flower. 6. Where is the coin? It is in the box. 7. What colour is the box? — It is green. 8. What is it made of? — It is made of wood. 9. What is that man? — He is a clerk. 10. Is he in the office? — Yes, he is. 11. Is that woman a typist? — No, she isn’t. —  What is she? — She is a doctor. 12. Is his brother at home? — Yes, he is. 13. This house has a balcony looking out on the street. 14. The architecture of this build­ing is quite modern. 15. This is a new district of St. Petersburg. 16. There is a shop, a cinema and a theatre in the new district. 17. He is a retired worker. 18. I am a doctor. 19. We hear the sounds of a child’s voice. 20. She is a nice girl.

Притяжательный падеж существительных
The child’s toys — The children’s toys
The boy’s books — The boys’ books

Упр. 12 Перефразируйте следующие слово­сочетания и предложения, употребляя притя­жательный падеж.

1. The room of my friend. 2. The questions of my son. 3. The wife of my brother. 4. The table of our teacher. 5. The poems of Pushkin. 6. The voice of this girl. 7. The new club of the workers. 8. The letter of Pete. 9. The car of my parents. 10. The life of this woman. 11. The handbags of these wom­en. 12. The flat of my sister is large. 13. The chil­dren of my brother are at home. 14. The room of the boys is large. 15. The name of this girl is Jane. 16. The work of these students is interesting.

Упр. 13 Переведите на английский язык, упот­ребляя притяжательный падеж.

1. Он показал мне письмо своей сестры. 2. Она взяла коньки своего брата. 3. Дайте мне тетради ваших учеников. 4. Принесите вещи детей 5. Вчера дети нашли птичье гнездо. 6. Это семья моего друга. Отец моего друга инженер. Мать моего друга преподаватель. 7. Чья это сумка? -Это сумка Тома. 8. Чьи это словари? — — Это сло­вари студентов. 9. Вы видели книгу нашего учи­теля? 10. Мне нравится почерк этого мальчика. 11. Я слышу голос моей сестры. 12. Она откры­ла окно и услышала смех и крики детей. 13. Она поставила мокрые сапоги мальчиков к печке. 14. Это бабушкино кресло.